5th generation mobile networks or 5th generation wireless systems abbreviated 5G, are the proposed next telecommunications standards. An initial chip design by Qualcomm in October 2016, the Snapdragon X50 5G modem, supports operations in the 28 GHz band, also known as millimeter wave (MMW) spectrum. With 800 MHz bandwidth support, it is designed to support peak download speeds of up to 35.46 gigabits per second.
Firstly we started 2G, after 10 years we moved from 2G to 3G & Now we have placed our hands on 4G. Nokia along with BSNL & AIRTEL, has taken the mission to arrive 5G in India.
What is 5G?
5G stands for Fifth generation and refers to the next and newest mobile wireless standards. 5G is the latest technology in the field of networks. It provides very high speed for browsing (surfing) and downloading. Like 4G – see our complete guide to 4G LTE – 5 G will be a set of standards that define everything from the technology used to the speeds it will deliver. Currently, there are no standards for 5G, but many companies are working towards agreeing on technology and specifications for 5G. Intel is the latest to jump on board, as it wants to be able to offer hardware for next-generation phones, tablets and Internet of Things devices, and compete with companies such as Qualcomm. Lastest time around, Intel backed the wrong horse: Wimax was basically a failure when LTE became the predominant 4G standard. So we should expect 5G to get a lot closer to fixed broadband. Samsung has tests in 2014 and achieved speeds of 7.5Gb/s, which is over 30 times faster than 4G (in these kinds of tests). However, researchers at the 5G Innovation Centre at the University of Surrey have developed new technologies that have led to them reaching an astounding 1Tb/s at 100m in early 2015. That’s the same throughput as fiber cable, but with no wires, and roughly 65,000 times faster than 4G.
Main requirements for the working of 5G
- 1 to 10Gbps connections to end points in the field
- (Perception of) 99.999 percent availability
- 1000x bandwidth per unit area
- 90 percent reduction in network energy usage
- 10 to 100x number of connected devices
- (Perception of) 100 percent coverage
- 1 millisecond end-to-end round trip delay
- Up to 10-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices